Climate Resilience: Significance of Hybrid EE & RE Models - Caribbean Context
Natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes and fires are increasing in frequency and intensity, and have been attributed to Climate Change. Recent hurricanes in the Caribbean, has caused devastation to islands including Puerto Rico, Dominica, and the Virgin Islands and have made Caribbean Governments and businesses focus on Climate Resilience and Business Continuity.
The terrifying experience showed the extreme vulnerability of the region and the dramatic impacts it had. Resiliency is an urgent goal. Under the resiliency umbrella is sustainability, energy and water efficiency and self-sufficiency.
There have been numerous discussions by Engineers and International Organizations on the importance of developing Climate Resilient facilities in the hurricanes prone Caribbean. Regarding energy, the trend has been to incorporate Solar PV with Battery Storage and Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems. However, the authors have interviewed businesses, government agencies and people who have experienced the recent hurricanes in 2017 and have analysed the information and have developed strategies essential for businesses to achieve Climate Resilience and Business Continuity.
This paper will identify critical elements needed to enable a Caribbean business to achieve Climate Resilience and indicate the importance of hybrid Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy solutions in attaining this goal.
Besides the need for the EE and RE hybrid solutions the paper indicates the importance of water and communication to Climate Resilience and shows the synergies and improved efficiencies when a holistic and sustainable Climate Resilience model is developed when all individual components are combined.
Presented ByAndre Escalante, P.E.
Energy Dynamics Ltd.
Andre Escalante is a national of Trinidad and Tobago and the founder and Managing Director of Energy Dynamics Ltd.
Energy Dynamics is a Trinidad based Energy Service Company (ESCo) with projects and operations undertaken throughout the English speaking Caribbean, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.
Mr. Escalante has extensive experience within the energy efficiency and renewable energy field. His company has undertaken numerous energy audits (over 400) , developed Corporate Utility Management programs, installed absorption cooling and co-generation systems, waste re-use systems, and other project work for a diverse clientele.
Amongst his clients have been the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Caribbean Hotel and Tourism Association (CHTA), CARICOM, the German GIZ and IRENA.
Andre is also a sought-after speaker and lecturer, having spoken at events for the American Chamber of Trinidad and Tobago, the Energy Chamber, the Trinidad and Tobago Green Building Council, the Caribbean Renewable Energy Forum, the Caribbean Hotel and Tourism Association, and other capacity building events at the University of the West Indies for the Msc in Renewable Energy and the Sustainable Energy MBA.
He has a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from the University of the West Indies and a MSc in Biomedical Engineering from the University of Surrey UK, a diploma in Sustainability from the University of British Columbia (Canada), and a Global Energy MBA from Warwick Business School (UK) in 2015.
He was one of the first Certified Energy Managers (CEM) in the Caribbean (1992), a designation from the Association of Energy Engineers (USA), an organization in which he was a former Secretary (1995/96) and founding member of the local Trinidad chapter.