Market Drivers & Policy Environment for Renewable Energy Penetration in Jamaica
Market forces can be powerful drivers for increasing renewable energy (RE) penetration in energy markets, within the framework of an energy policy. Jamaica’s energy policy was formulated to maximize its RE resources, and transform the energy sector through legislative reforms, new procurement, liberalization/privatization, and unbundling the utility’s vertical monopoly. This transformation enabled private sector investments to increase the share of RE power generation in the energy market.
The significant addition of RE in Jamaica was driven predominantly by market opportunities and necessities engendering private sector investments in 96 MW of solar PV, wind and hydropower generation, plus 24.5 MW of hybrid energy storage. The State wind farm with 63 MW has been divested and 37 MW of solar PV will be added in 2019 through private sector investment. Also conducive to the RE market growth was the achievement of price parity for commercial RE technologies, access to international special financing, and the urgency to preserve grid integrity.
In the absence of any near-term changes in the energy policy, the market drivers will continue to be the main impetus for maximizing the remaining RE potentials.
Presented ByDavid Barrett
David Barrett/ENBAR is a registered individual consultancy with the mission to positively enable higher achievements of energy security, energy management, and environmental sustainability, at the National and Regional levels, through the effective application of professional competences, quality services, and networking.
David has the requisite academic and experiential competences to achieve the Mission above, including a MSc. – Energy & Environment (University of Calgary); MPhil. – Zoology (University of the West Indies) and BSc. – Botany & Zoology (University of the West Indies). Continued professional development through post-tertiary training and certifications in Renewable Energy (North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners – NABCEP), Alternative Energy, Energy Efficiency, & Auditing; Certified Energy Manager (CEM®); Certified Occupational Health and Safety Management System Professional (OHSMS) as specified by OHSAS 18001; Project Management; Energy and Environmental Assessments/Analysis; Sustainable Development; Climate Change reduction and mitigation initiatives; Biomass Food Security; and Petroleum Exploration.
ENBAR has delivered services in Energy & Power (Renewable and Alternative Energy; Upstream Oil & Gas) and Environment (Climate Change mitigation and resilience; Remediation; Management); Policy Development; Energy Project Development and Management (Renewable Energy; Alternative & Fossil Fuels); Occupational Health and Safety interventions; and delivered lectures, Seminars/Conferences & Training/Workshops for UWI, UTECH and OLADE and at international conferences in Brazil, USA, UK, Sweden, and Caribbean Island States in the related disciplines above.
David Barrett has been Energy & Environmental Manager – Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica (1993 – 2006); Regional Representative – Finder Caribbean Ltd (2006 – 2013); Country Representative – Rare Metals Jamaica Ltd (2014 – 2018); Energy Specialist/Team Leader – Gibson Energy Ltd (2013 – 2014); Technical Operations Manager – Alternative Power Sources Ltd (2014); Country Representative – Tullow Jamaica Ltd (2015 – 2017); Energy Specialist – USAID CARCEP (2016); part-time lecturer and Adjunct Senior Lecturer (UWI) (2015 – 2017); and Principal Consultant of ENBAR Consulting (2010 – Current).
With the acquired academic and experiential competences, ENBAR has delivered services to major development partners in Jamaica such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); Caribbean Development Bank (CDB); Global Environment Facility (GEF); International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD); European Union ProInvest; Environmental Foundation of Jamaica (EFJ); Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE); University of the West Indies (UWI) and the Commonwealth Secretariat.
1. United Nations Development Programme Jamaica (UNDP) UNDP/GEF5 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Project for Hospitals – 2018 – current (Technical Advisor).
2. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Sustainable Islands Platform Project – Barbados, Bahamas, Belize, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Trinidad and Tobago; and island of Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua. – 2017 (Energy Expert).
3. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Energy Security and Efficiency Enhancement Project (ESEEP), Jamaica – 2017 (Energy Specialist).
4. Tullow Jamaica Ltd, Offshore Oil & Gas Exploration, Jamaica – 2015 – 2017 (Country Representative).
5. Rare Metals Jamaica Ltd, Rare Minerals Exploration, Jamaica – 2014 – Current (Country Manager).
6. USAID Caribbean Clean Energy Program (Deloitte Overseas Consulting), Jamaica – 2016 (Energy Policy Advisor).
7. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Jamaica – 2014/2015 (Clean Energy Specialist).
8. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Country Office Greening Project, Jamaica – 2013/2014 (Project Manager).
9. Latin-American (and Caribbean) Energy Organization (OLADE), Jamaica – Diagnosis of Generation in Latin America and the Caribbean – Jamaica – 2012/2013 (Consultant).
10. Wind Technology Assessment, St. Vincent & the Grenadines. – 2013 (Renewable energy specialist – Sub-contractor)
11. Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)/CART, Private Sector Organization of Jamaica – PSOJ/CDB, Analysis And Development Of Market Access Of Jamaican Goods And Services To The Caribbean Region And The Implementation Of A Caribbean Trade Mission; and European Union Banana Support Project (EUBSP) – Recruitment And Placement Of Youth Within The Information And Communication Technology Sector – 2012/2013 (Project Manager).
12. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) – Midterm evaluation of investment grant to Wigton Wind Farm (WWFL) for wind and solar development Programme to improve and promote the use of renewable energy resources in Jamaica – 2012 (Assessor).
13. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) – ex-post evaluation and assessment of the Wind and Solar Development Program for Wigton Wind Farm (WWFL) – 2013 (Evaluation Expert).
14. Environmental Foundation of Jamaica (EFJ) Energy Audit Project – 2010 – 2014 (Project Manager/Lead Consultant).
15. Egis Bceom International, Private Sector Organization of Jamaica (PSOJ), Caribbean Association of Industry and Commerce Inc. (CAIC) and European Union PSOJ/EU Energy and Environment Audit Program (EEEAP), Trinidad/Jamaica/St. Vincent and the Grenadines – 2011 – 2012 (Environmental Auditor).
16. Global Environment Facility (GEF)/ United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) – Introduction of Renewable Wave Energy Technologies for Generation of Electric Power in Small Coastal Communities in Jamaica – 2010/2011 – (Wave Energy Expert /Lead Consultant).
Experience and knowledge has been shared through the publications below;
• Integrating Sustainable Development into National Frameworks – Policy Approaches for Key Sectors in Small States. “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency”. Commonwealth Secretariat, pg 91 – 111 (2011).
• “The Relevance of Indigenous Energy Sources for the Next Energy Tsunami” – Caribbean Energy Information Systems Update (2009).
• Small States Economic Review and Basic Statistics. “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency”. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Annual Series: Twelfth Volume, Autumn 2007, pg 41 – 58 (2008).
• Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States, Issues and Challenges. “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency”. Economic Paper 80. Commonwealth Secretariat pg. 44 – 61 (2008).
• “Renewable Energy and Indigenous Fossil Fuels – Platforms for Sustainable Island Energy” (Parts I & II) – Caribbean Energy Information Systems Update (2007).
• “Given Its Relatively High Cost, Is Renewable Energy The Answer For SIDS”. Viewpoints – Natural Resources Forum Vol 31, No. 2, May 2007. Division for Sustainable Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) (2007). A United Nations Sustainable Development Journal. Blackwell Publishing.
ENBAR is suitably networked to deliver professional energy and environmental services from its associations as below;
• Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) (Membership International II).
• Jamaica Solar Energy Association (Founding Executive, Immediate Past-President).
• National Climate Change Advisory Board (Member).
• National Energy Council – Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Sub-Committees (Member).
• Private Sector Organization of Jamaica – Energy & Environment Sub-Committee (Past-Deputy Chairman; current Member).
• Consumer Advocacy Committee on Utilities (Member).
• Jamaica Institute of Environmental Professionals (Member).
• Affiliations and collaborations with various Jamaican, Regional and international experts in energy and environment.